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PET Scan

PET SCAN DEFINITION A PET scan or positron emission tomography scan is an imaging diagnostic tool, which is used to look for a disease in the body. It provides more pronounced imaging as opposed to MRI and CT scan. A PET scan can show how tissues and organs are actually working. PET SCAN PURPOSE A PET scan is usually suggested to check brain function. It can also detect cancer, brain disorders, and heart problems and see how they are progressing. PET SCAN RISKS A PET ...

Prostate Biopsy

PROSTATE BIOPSY DEFINITION A prostate biopsy is a process where prostate cells are taken for examination and evaluation PROSTATE BIOPSY PURPOSE Primarily, a prostate biopsy is ordered to detect prostate cancer. It is suggested if the doctor found you with a high level ...

Prothrombin Time Test

PROTHROMBIN TIME TEST DEFINITION A prothrombin time test is used to measure how fast a patient’s blood clots. It is also known in many names including pro time test and PT test. PROTHROMBIN TIME TEST PURPOSE A prothrombin time test is primarily ordered ...

PSA Test

PSA TEST DEFINITION The PSA test or the prostate-specific antigen test is a type of blood test used for screening and monitoring prostate cancer. It is used to measure PSA, a type of protein that is produced by the prostate, in ...

RH Factor Blood Test

RH FACTOR BLOOD TEST DEFINITION An RH factor blood test is a type of blood test required for pregnant women as early as their first trimester. It is to confirm whether a pregnant woman is RH positive or negative. Rhesus or ...

Rheumatoid Factor

RHEUMATOID FACTOR DEFINITION Rheumatoid Factor or RF is a type of blood test to help measure the amount of RF antibody in the patient’s blood. RHEUMATOID FACTOR PURPOSE The RF blood test is done to help diagnose rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren syndrome, and other ...

RVAD

RVAD DEFINITION An RVAD or right ventricle assist device is a mechanical device used to support patients whose right ventricle does not work as well due to heart disease or a recent heart surgery. Decreased heart function and blood flow are ...

Sed Rate

SED RATE DEFINITION The sed rate (also known as SR, ESR, or erythrocyte sedimentation rate) is a blood test that detects inflammatory activity inside your body. It works by placing blood inside a tall, thin tube. Erythrocytes (red blood cells) ...

Sentinel node biopsy

SENTINEL NODE BIOPSY DEFINITION Sentinel node biopsy, also known as sentinel lymph node biopsy or sentinel lymph node dissection, is a surgical procedure that doctors use to help stage cancer. It is performed in patients who have been previously found with ...

Skin Biopsy

SKIN BIOPSY DEFINITION A skin biopsy removes tissue or cells on the surface of the largest organ of your body, hence its name. There are three kinds of skin biopsy: Shave biopsy, excisional biopsy, and punch biopsy. How deep and how ...